Chronic pain

What is the chronic pain?

Almost everyone feels pain from time to time. Perhaps your head hurts after a stressful event, belly poisoning or a broken arm. Some women feel weaker and, in some cases, stronger menstrual cramps every month. Pain that most people experience usually begins suddenly and takes a relatively short time. It can be more or less intense, but never enough to impair our everyday functioning. Even if you break your right hand and you can not do many things, this period takes only a few weeks. Almost always you know the cause of the pain well or at least, as in the case of stress, you can guess why it occurred. The function of such pain is to inform about damage and it is an inseparable element of human life. If it were not for him, you could be seriously damaged and do not know what you guessed would probably be tragic.

How people experience pain depends to a large extent on its cause (eg a broken arm will probably hurt more than the abrasion of the epidermis) and individual features of the person, its tolerance to pain. Therefore, one person rubbing the epidermis can hurt as much as another broken arm and it is impossible to compare it. I am talking here about acute pain. You can read more about it in a separate article. Unfortunately, not every pain passes, sometimes the relief comes only for a moment, and the pain impairs normal functioning. The criterion for chronic pain is mainly its duration. The criterion for recognizing pain as chronic is the duration of more than six months. This does not mean, however, that if you have been feeling pain for five months you do not suffer from chronic pain. It is up to the doctor to decide what pain is, what is causing it and what treatment methods are best for you.

Formerly it was thought that pain must be associated with tissue damage, however, some people think that they feel pain, although there are no apparent reasons for its occurrence, they remain unknown. There is nothing strange about it, if you do not know why it hurts you. This happens to many people who suffer from chronic pain. It can last almost constantly with varying intensity (eg back pain) or it may have a recurring character (eg migraine). Such pain does not bring any information and does not serve any purpose. Long-term pain is not always just a symptom of the disease, but it becomes a disease in itself. It can be a hindrance to doing some or almost all daily activities. A person with chronic pain may have problems with going to work, performing their duties, taking care of themselves and their home. Periods of inactivity alternate with periods of close to normal activity. However, there comes a moment when the person is tired, even exhausted by constant changes in his condition and constant renouncing of things you are no longer able to do. Unfortunately, for this reason, it loses its former condition, and its life loses its former quality.

These physical difficulties associated with chronic pain can cause many negative emotions and life consequences. It happens that the frustration associated with it raises aggression towards the environment, and the feeling of helplessness is the cause of depression. Chronic pain ceases to be a physical problem only and becomes a mental challenge for the patient. Pain is a symptom or disease, it is also the cause of emotional problems and the reason for which the individual withdraws from social life. For this reason, we can talk about three factors of pain: physiological, psychological and social. Therefore, long-term pain therapy is not only a matter for doctors, but also for psychologists and physiotherapists.

The most common diseases that are accompanied by prolonged pain include back pain, arthritis and migraine. Unfortunately, no drug has been found so far that would cure chronic pain once and for all. Even the strongest painkillers (analgesics), such as opioids, do not bring complete relief. It is important that, if it can not be cured, at least relieve the sick person of her suffering. For this purpose, it should be re-arranged her surroundings so that functioning in it would be as easy for her as possible. If you suffer from long-lasting pain, we refer you to the “How to deal with pain” tab, where you will find useful information on how to treat pain, both from the medical side and what you can do yourself. We also encourage you to browse our entire website. Perhaps some of this information will help you understand what pain you feel, how to talk about it and what you can do to feel better.

Nutrition

“You are what you eat” – you’ve probably heard this saying many times, but have you ever wondered what it’s all about? After all, after eating many carrots, you will also become a carrot. In a nutshell … our whole body is built with something and it needs energy to carry out all complicated processes. Therefore, on the one hand, we obtain building material from food, and on the other hand we use it as a natural fuel. Therefore, many people rightly think that their bodies need proteins first of all, so that the body builds muscles and sugars, which have a lot of calories, and therefore can get the most energy out of them. Unfortunately, the case is not that simple. This basic knowledge is just a piece of the very important field of our life which is nutrition.

Our body is not only muscles, but also internal organs, bones, joints, skin, hair and nails – all of this has its own unique structure, which needs the right building material in the right proportions. Imagine that your body is like a favorite dish. Before you cook it, check the recipe and choose ingredients, do not skip anything, always follow the instructions carefully, adding the right amount. Sometimes it happens that after some time you modify the recipe according to your needs (for example, you like less salty dishes, so you add less salt). People devote a lot of time to preparing a tasty meal, and yet this is just one of the many dishes they will eat in their lives. It is different with your body. You have been destined for ever, so why not take care of them in the same way? To “build” yourself you should know what ingredients and in what proportions you need it.

Nutritional recommendations for patients suffering from chronic pain are similar to those that are directed to healthy people. The main difference, however, is that people with chronic pain may overpower the moment of weakness by increasing the intensity of pain. Many people may not know that the diet is important and they have no idea how to eat. The article was created for such people. Maybe you already know all the rules of good nutrition, but you can not apply to them? We therefore refer you to the article on psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is a non-pharmacological method of treatment, often recommended for people who have difficulty complying with the recommendations, as it helps to develop healthy habits and motivates them to put them into practice.

Myths about nutrition

The basic myth associated with nutrition says that if you are overweight it means that you are well nourished. If you weigh more than you should probably not because you eat healthy. There is even a chance that you are undernourished. Overweight is often caused by eating too much carbohydrate. Sugars are mainly needed as an energy material. If we eat more than what is required by our body, they are converted into fat and accumulate in our tissues. That’s why man does not live by sugar alone. A balanced diet must be rich in carbohydrates as well as proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. So a well-fed person is not the overweight one, but the one who is healthy and thus holds the line. Remember that we eat to live and we do not live to eat. A healthy diet will require several, and in some cases even many, sacrifices and may be more difficult than it would seem, especially for those who like to eat well.

Remember! Just as weight gain does not necessarily indicate good nutrition, the sign of malnutrition does not have to be a reduction in body weight. You do not have to be slim, but maybe you have dull hair and complexion or swollen as a result of water retention in the body of the stomach. However, if the appearance changes are accompanied by a reduced appetite, reduced energy level and weight loss – be sure to contact your doctor.

Another myth about nutrition is that if you were slim before your illness, then obesity will never become your problem. Unfortunately, pain often causes people to stop being as active as they were before, eating the same amount of food, and sometimes even more. This is due to the fact that some medicines (for example steroid) increase appetite. Another reason for eating more food by people is simply boredom. If because of the pain you had to give up things that you liked to do earlier, you may not know what to do with your free time and just “eat”. Unfortunately, this is not a good solution and in the long run can prove very harmful. Watching a healthy diet is extremely important in the course of chronic pain, because extra kilograms may exacerbate the patient’s suffering.